Grammar & Vocabulary

Finance vocabulary

Bolsa Madrid

Here is list of finance-related terms. They might be useful if you decide to diversify your portfolio by investing in Spain and Latin America!
Las finanzas – Finance

La bolsa – The stock exchange

Invertir – To invest

Acción – Share

Accionista – Shareholder

Activo – Asset

Pasivo – Liability

Patrimonio neto / capital social – Equity

Bono – Bond

Derivado – Derivative

Deuda – Debt

Bróker – Broker

Bursátil – relative to the stock exchange

Cierre – Closing

 

Acreedor(a) – Creditor

Deudor(a) – Debtor

Ahorrar – To save

Riesgo – Risk

Oferta – Supply

Demanda – Demand

Consumo – Consumption

 

Capitalización de mercado – Market capitalization

Dinero – Money

Diversificar – To diversify

Cartera de inversión / portafolio – Investment portfolio

Divisas – Foreign currency

Emitir [deuda] – To issue [debt]

Especular – To speculate

Fondo de inversión – Investment fund

Fondo de cobertura / hedge fund – Hedge fund

Impuestos – Taxes

Índice – Index

Inflación – Inflation

Liquidez – Liquidity

Mercado – Market

Política monetaria – Monetary policy

Precio – Price

Rendimiento – Performance / output

Rentabilidad – Profitability

Contabilidad [por principio] de devengo / de ejercicio – Accrual [basis] accounting

Contabilidad [por principio] de caja – Cash [basis] accounting

Tasa de interés / tipos de interés – Interest rates

Tipo de cambio – Exchange rate

Bolsa Madrid
El Palacio de la Bolsa de Madrid. / DISCASTO, CC BY-SA 4.0

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