Grammar & Vocabulary

Verbos SER y ESTAR

Hola a todos:

How do we use verbs ser and estar in Spanish?

Level: Beginners

As we know, verb ser is used for permanent, defining, or identity-implying attributes. Here are some examples:

Mi amigo Pedro es muy alto. My friend Pedro is very tall.
Mi carro es un Ferrari. My car is a Ferrari.
Silvia es republicana y católica. (Lit.) Silvia is republican and catholic.
Alfonso y Mario son cantantes profesionales. Alfonso and Mario are professional singers.
¿Son ustedes de Veracruz? Are you from Veracruz?

Verb estar is used for non-permanent attributes or conditions

Ella está deprimida. She is depressed.
¿Por qué estás triste? Why are you sad?
Francisco está muy cansado. Francisco is very tired.

… and for location (with preposition en):

Victoria está en el supermercado. Victoria is at the supermarket.
¿Estás en casa? Are you at home?
Lima está en Perú. Lima is in Peru.
Ferrari_340_America_Spyder_Vignale_at_Mille_Miglia_2012
“Mi carro es un Ferrari”. / paPisc. CC BY-SA 2.0

Verbo de la semana

Maullar (to meow)

El gato maulló cuando Juan le pisó la cola. The cat meowed when Juan stepped on his tail.
Mi gato no maúlla mucho. Mi cat does not meow a lot.
El gato de mi vecino está maullando, y yo no puedo dormir. My neighbor’s cat is meowing, and I can’t sleep.

1 comment on “Verbos SER y ESTAR

  1. Pingback: Ser/Estar Quiz – La Eñe

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