Haber is an auxiliary verb that we use for building sentences such as I have been or I had finished.
Here is the conjugation:
|Yo he||Yo había|
|Tú has||Tú habías|
|Él/Ella/Usted ha||Él/Ella/Usted había|
|Nosotros/as hemos||Nosotros/as habíamos|
|(Vosotros/as habéis)||(Vosotros/as habíais)|
|Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes han||Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes habían|
We always use it in conjunction with the past participle, which is built by adding:
-ado to the root of -AR verbs
-ido to the root of -ER and -IR verbs
Here are some examples:
When building sentences such us I have been or I had finished, we just have to be careful with one thing: while in English we usually place the adverb between have and the participle (I have never been, I have always wanted, etc.), in Spanish we can’t have anything between haber and the participle (we can’t say “he nunca estado,” we should say nunca he estado instead).
Here are some sentences:
|I have never been to Paris.||Nunca he estado en París.|
|I have always wanted to buy a house.||Siempre he querido comprar una casa.|
|I have been here all day.||He estado aquí todo el día|
|Have you watched this movie?||¿Has mirado esta película?|
|She has studied a lot.||Ella ha estudiado mucho.|
|Peter had already eaten.||Peter ya había comido.|
|We had already studied that.||Ya habíamos estudiado eso.|
We do have, however, a few irregular participles. Here are the most important ones:
Write 5 sentences using haber in the present tense (I have done something) and five sentences using haber in the past tense (I had done something).