Grammar & Vocabulary

Antes/Después/Durante

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Darren McCarty, con barba. / Grinderfan4life25, CC BY-SA 3.0

Here are some considerations about using antes, después, and durante:

Antes – before
Después – after
Durante – during

Antes and después are followed by the preposition de when they are used to place an event in relation to a certain point in time:

Visité a mi amiga antes de la fiesta. (I visited my friend before the party.)
Antes del desayuno siempre corro en el parque. (Before breakfast I always run in the park.)
Después del concierto fuimos a un restaurante. (After the concert we went to a restaurant.)
Después de las 5 nunca miro televisión. (After 5 I never watch TV.)

Also, when we place an event before or after an action (after running, before eating…), in Spanish we always use the infinitive of the verb (correr, comer, etc.):

Después de cenar, fuimos al parque.
Antes de correr, nunca bebo mucha agua.
Ayer fui al gimnasio. Después de ir al gimnasio, desayuné. Después de desayunar, trabajé. Después de trabajar, fui al supermercado.

Durante is never followed by de:

Miré la televisión durante la cena.
Durante el desayuno nunca leo el periódico (the newspaper).

Also, durante cannot be used with verbs (we can’t say durante cenar, we have to say durante la cena).

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Practice – Translate the following sentences into Spanish

1. We went to my friend’s apartment after the movie.
2. Darren McCarty doesn’t shave during the playoffs.
3. After we ate dinner, we watched a movie.
4. I fell asleep after watching that show.
5. Before the Super Bowl we always buy a lot of food.
6. Mary came to class after going to the gym.
7. I called Peter during my break.
8. Before they worked here, they worked in another company.

 

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Correct answers for Practice – Translate the following sentences into Spanish:
1. Fuimos al apartamento de mi amigo después de la película. 2. Darren McCarty no se afeita durante los playoffs. 3. Después de cenar miramos una película. 4. Me dormí después de mirar/ver ese programa. 5. Antes del Super Bowl siempre compramos mucha comida. 6. Mary vino a clase después de ir al gimnasio. 7. Llamé a Peter durante mi descanso. 8. Antes de trabajar aquí, trabajaban en otra empresa/compañía.

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